بِسْمِ اللهِ الرَّحْمنِ الرَّحِيْم

اَلْحَمْدُ لِلّهِ رَبِّ الْعَالَمِيْن،وَالصَّلاۃ وَالسَّلامُ عَلَی النَّبِیِّ الْکَرِيم وَعَلیٰ آله وَاَصْحَابه اَجْمَعِيْن۔

Performing ‘Umrah’ More Than Once in a Single Journey

It is Sunnah to perform ‘Umrah at least once in a lifetime for a person capable (physically and financially) to do so while performing more than once remains a desirable act (mustahabb). The Messenger of Allah (PBUH) came to perform ‘Umrah four times during the Madinan period. A number of virtues have been reported from the Messenger of Allah (PBUH) in several narrations of which two are as follows:

  • “An ‘Umrah to another ‘Umrah will be redemption of sins (minor)for whatever occurs between them and the reward of Hajj Mabrur (the one accepted by Allah) is nothing except Paradise.” (Reported by Bukhari and Muslim)
  • “Frequently perform Hajj and ‘Umrah, because they certainly remove poverty and sins as fire separates the impurities from iron, gold and silver.” (Reported by Tirmidhi and IbneMajah).
  • Ibn ‘Abbas (RA) narrated that when the Prophet (PBUH) returned after performing his Hajj, he asked Umm Sinan Al-Ansari, "What did forbid you to perform Hajj?" She replied, "Father of so-and-so (i.e. her husband) had two camels and he performed Hajj on one of them, and the second is used for the irrigation of our land." The Prophet said (to her), "Perform 'Umrah in the month of Ramadan, as it is equivalent to Hajj (in reward)."The hadith has been reported by Bukhari. Muslim also reported the same and it says in the end “It is equivalent to a Hajj performed with me (in reward).”

People visiting Makkah from Indian, Pakistan or Riyadh avail the opportunity to perform ‘Umrah more than once if possible while there are people who disapprove doing more than one ‘Umrah in a single journey arguing that the Messenger of Allah (PBUH) never performed more than one ‘Umrah in a single journey. One the other hand, the Messenger of Allah (PBUH) emphatically urged people to perform ‘Umrah time after time as you have seen in the narrations mentioned above. Moreover, there is no fixed time for performing ‘Umrah. One is allowed to do ‘Umrah as many times as one wishes during the whole year except for the five days of Hajj ranging from 9th to 13thDhulHijjah in which it is disliked (makrooh) to perform ‘Umrah as mentioned in a hadith reported by Baihaqi from Ayisha (RA). Disapproval of performing more than one ‘Umrah during a visit will be unjustifiable without any religious evidence accompanying it which, as you know, is not available in the entire collection of hadith; a mere argument that the Prophet (PBUH) did not do it is not enough. For instance, the Messenger of Allah (PBUH) never performed ‘Umrah during the auspicious month of Ramadan. He, however, mentioned the virtues of performing ‘Umarh in Ramadan when he came to know about certain compulsion of a female Companion as recorded by Bukhari and Muslim. Yet all the scholars and jurists unanimously agree that the virtues of performing ‘Umrah in Radaman as mentioned by the Prophet (PBUH) on some particular occasion for a particular woman apply to all human beings till the Last Day although he himself did not perform Umrah in Ramadan.

Explanation: One is allowed to perform ‘Umrah more than once during a journey in the same way one is allowed to come for performing ‘Umrah in each Ramadan. It is, however, more desirable to follow up Tawaf than perform ‘Umrah again and again. People who do ‘Umrah more than once should have their heads shaved or their hair cut. It is not necessary for those intending to follow up ‘Umrah to wash or change their ihram. Such a person, however, must go out of the bounds of Haram to the Hill area like the residents of Makkah do. The adjoining Hill area is Tan’im where the mother of the Believers Ayisha (RA) went after performing Hajj to put on her ihram for ‘Umrah in accordance with the teachings of the Messenger of Allah (PBUH). It is the very place where Masjid-e-Ayisha is situated nowadays.

Mohammad Najeeb Qasmi (www.najeebqasmi.com)