بِسْمِ اللهِ الرَّحْمنِ الرَّحِيْم
اَلْحَمْدُ لِلّهِ رَبِّ الْعَالَمِيْن،وَالصَّلاۃ وَالسَّلامُ عَلَی النَّبِیِّ الْکَرِيم وَعَلیٰ آله وَاَصْحَابه اَجْمَعِيْن۔
The ritual of Wuquf (stay) at Muzdalifah is one of the obligatory acts of Hajj, which if missed will incur a Dam (atonement). Wuquf signifies staying the night that follows the 9th day ofDhu-al-Ḥijjah at Muzdalifah and supplicating therefor some time after having performed the Fajr Ṣalah facing direction of the Qiblah. If a person arrives at Muzdalifah before dawn and catches the Fajr Ṣalah there, it will suffice him and no Dam will be required. But it goes against the Sunnah of the Prophet (PBUH) to intentionally do so. The women, the sick and the weak pilgrims, however, may depart from Muzadalifah to Mina after midnight; it will incur no Dam upon them.
When departing from Arafat for Mina after sunset on 9thDhu al-Ḥijjah, the pilgrims should keep in mind that Muzdalifah does not start just where Mina ends; there is a distance of about 6-7 km between the borders of the both. To mark the beginning and end of borders of each place, signs of different colours have been erected for the guidance of the pilgrims. It has been seen over the years that a good number of the pilgrims stay nightlong before the area begins mistaking it to be area for Muzdalifah. A great number of them even spend the night on the road and thus besides causing troubles for the other pilgrims on the way actually miss the ritual. We have also observed that some agents bring the pilgrims under their careto the Mina tents even before midnight while the Messenger of Allah (PBUH) has only allowed the old and the women to leave for Mina and that is too after staying there till midnight. What is more appalling is that even the volunteers and the guides appointed by the management usually are not seen there to guide people while they need them the most. But surprisingly, there are a number of volunteers to enthusiastically help the pilgrims in Mina.
The pilgrims who travel the distance between Arafat and Muzdalifah, the train brings them to the plain of Muzdalifah but due to shortage of time a good many number of people take other vehicles or walk on foot to reach Muzdalifah though it is not an easy journey either way. Those who walk on foot feel exhausted and then finding it difficult to go through the crowd halt long before the area of Muzdalifah begins. Then the milling crowd makes it nearly impossible to pass through. All the pilgrims should, therefore, take care of performing the ritual of Wuquf in the prescribed manner or else Dam will be required of them.
Things to do after reaching Muzdalifah:
(1) Perform Maghrib and ‘Isha’ both the prayers combined in Isha’ time. The method is: first offer the three Rak’ahs of Maghrib Ṣalah along with Adhan and Iqamah, and then immediately stand to offer ‘Isha’, four Rak’ahs if Muqīm or two if Musafir, without offering the Sunnah prayers after Maghrib. One may perform the Sunnah prayers after having completed the obligatory Isha’ Salah but one should not offer any Sunnah or Nafl prayer in between them. Congregation (Jama’ah) is not required for combing the prayers; whether performing in congregation or praying alone, one should combine them in the stipulated manner in the Isha’ time.
(2) Remember Allah, chant Talbiyah, recite the Qur’an, repent, seek forgiveness and supplicate as much as you can, availing the blessed night. Allah the Exalted said: “But when you depart from 'Arafat, remember Allah at al- Mash'ar al-Haram.” (2:192) Sleep for a while for it is also proven by the Ḥadīth.
(3) Pray the Farḍ and Sunnah Rak’ahs of Fajr Ṣalah at dawn, and then stand facing direction of the Qiblah and pray excessively raising your hands. This is called Waquf at Muzdalifah- an obligatory ritual of Ḥajj.
(4) When leaving for Mina, pick up pebbles the size of big grams but it is, however, not necessary to pick up all the required number of pebbles from Muzdalifah; one may pick them from Mina as well.
- One may stay anywhere in the plain of Muzdalifah. The noble Prophet (PBUH) however, had stayed near Al-Mash’ar al-Ḥaram(the current location of the Masjid). But staying anywhere within the plain is enough.
- If a person arrives at Muzdalifah just before the True Dawn (ṣubḥ ṣadiq) and performs Fajr there, he will be regarded to have performed the obligation of Wuquf and no Dam will be required of him. But coming to Muzdalifah deliberately so late is Makruh (disliked).
- If a person leaves for Muzdalifah from Mina without a valid excuse will have to offer a Dam.
- It is obligatory to spend the night in Muzdalifah and then perform the ritual of Wuquf after Fajr Salah. The women, the sick and the weak, however, are allowed to leave for Mina after midnight; it will incur no Dam on their part.
- It is not valid to perform Maghrib or Maghrib and Isha’ both on the way while heading Muzdalifah from Arafat. One should perform them both only after reaching Muzdalifah in the time of Isha’ Salah.
- It is not valid to pick pebbles just after reaching Muzdalifah before performing the Maghrib and ‘Isha’ prayers. One should first offer both the prayers combined in Isha’ time.
- Some pilgrims seem to be in hurry to perform FajrṢalah on 10thDhu al-Ḥijjah in Muzdalifah so much that they stand to perform it without having ascertained proper direction of the Qibah that invalidates their prayer. One should offer Fajr only after the time has entered and should ascertain the direction of the Qiblah before standing to pray.
- Just like it is done in Arafat,one should stand to supplicate to Allah excessively facing direction of the Ka’aba with both hands raised. Most people neglect this important aspect of Wuquf.
- Due to lack of space and growing number of the pilgrims, tents have been erected in Muzdalifa has well besides those in Mina that accommodate a number of pilgrims. It is Sunnah and not Wajib (obligatory) to spend night during 10th, 11th and 12thDhu al-Ḥijjah in Mina. Hence, if one is allocated a tent in Muzdalifah, one may spend nightin Muzdalifah during the days to stay in Mina.
- The pilgrims allocated tents in Muzdalifah stay overnight in their tents after returning from Arafat. Though one may do so as per the Shari’ah, but one should spend the night in the open instead,following example of the Messenger of Allah (PBUH).
Mohammad Najeeb Qasmi (www.najeebqasmi.com)